What do you think is the main thing in watershed management?
Water availability? Conservation? Continuity ? All of that is true. But there is one main thing to note, that the purpose of watershed management is nothing but to achieve community welfare.
A watershed is an area bounded by the highest topography where the rainfall that falls in it will be stored, utilized and flowed to an output point by the main river and its branches.
The area has three elements in it that are interrelated with one another. These elements are Abiotic, Biotic and Culture. The preservation of these three elements to always harmonize is a major factor in realizing sustainable watershed management.
Watershed management has objectives that can be divided into two, namely general goals and specific objectives. The general purpose of watershed management is to improve community welfare. Community welfare is a measure of the success of a watershed management. Community welfare as a form of successful watershed management can be realized by managing superior commodities in the watershed area. Excellent commodities that are managed well in accordance with the potential, quality and suitability of land, and the carrying capacity of the land will certainly provide economic impact to the communities around the watershed.
A prosperous society is, of course, a society that is capable of empowering the natural potential of its surroundings and can depend on these resources to sustain their economic activities. Achieving conservation of soil and water is the specific goal of watershed management. Soil and water conservation is intended to protect watershed ecosystems so that they can utilize sustainable watershed carrying capacity. This can be seen from a good hydrological cycle so that the water balance runs in balance. The water that enters the ground through rainwater is not less than the water that comes out through the evaporation process and also flows surface run off.
If the hydrological cycle is maintained, it will be well utilized by the community as water users in the watershed. Soil and water conservation is very important also to maintain sustainability between land, water and plants. The relationship that is maintained and goes according to land, water and plants will certainly maximize the potential of existing resources. In the end, community welfare is the main thing in watershed management.