• coastal management,  River Transportation,  Sea Transportation,  Uncategorized,  Water tourism,  Watershed Management

    Sweden Coastal

    Sweden is a unitary state with a decentralized government. To carry out the management of his country, Sweden has three governments, namely central, provincial (LAN), and city (community). In general, Sweden adheres to the principle of regional autonomy so that it gives broad authority to local governments to make policies and carry out their governance independently. The majority of Sweden’s population, 82% or around 7.9 million people live in coastal areas. Cities in Sweden, including the three most populous cities – Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmo – are coastal cities so that the socio-economic conditions of Swedish coastal communities are generally characterized by high per capita income with a low Gini…

  • Irrigation Review,  Irrigation Technique,  Rain harvesting,  Soil conservation,  Uncategorized,  Watershed and coastal irrigation

    Modernization Of Irrigation

    There is no direct irrigation from nature but all are man-made. All processes that occur in irrigation will all become a hydrological cycle because not all irrigation water enters the ground but some will be evaporated into the air. One of the functions of irrigation for agriculture is to supply crop water needs and ensure water availability in the event of drought. This is closely related to the purpose of irrigation, which is to increase agricultural production. Today, the development of irrigation systems in several countries has brought irrigation to the era of modernization. Modernization of irrigation systems is realized through the five pillars which will be briefly explained below.…

  • coastal management,  Uncategorized,  Water tourism

    Coastal tourism ; Depok Beach

    Depok Beach is located in Bantul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The landscape type of the Beach is marine (coastal). Generally, coastal morphology consists of bays, berms, crest berms, and beach scarp. The coastal region is included in marine deposition with its material in the form of sand called shoreline. The sand in the beach area is black because it is sand carried from Mount Merapi, so the Depok coastal area is an ecological unit with the Merapi mountains. Sand types on shoreline are softer than other beaches because of the effect of the sorting process. The lithology composing the coastal area on Depok Beach is dominated by medium sized sand deposits and well-sorted. These loose deposits are composed of volcanic lytic (andesite and tuff sandstone). The character of the waves on the shoreline is plugged into large waves due to the speed of the wind that blows big. The study states that in August-September, wind speeds range from 3.33-10,094 m / sec with directions that change…

  • Irrigation Review,  Irrigation Technique,  Uncategorized,  Watershed and coastal irrigation

    Irrigation Principle

    Irrigation has been practiced by humans for thousands of years by taking water from available water sources such as ground water or rivers and then being transported to land that requires additional water. Water collection, transportation and addition are carried out in different ways, depending on the level of progress and mastery of the technology and culture of the local community. The technology applied in irrigation activities can be in the form of technology that is very simple and local in nature, to high technology that is completely “computerized” as has been done by several countries that have advanced in the field of irrigation technology. Irrigation activities include taking water…

  • Uncategorized,  Water ballance,  Watershed and coastal conservation,  Watershed Management

    Watershed Hydrological Function

    The definition of a watershed based on the function of a watershed is divided into a number of constraints, firstly the Upper Watershed Watershed is based on a conservation function that is managed to maintain the watershed’s environmental conditions from being degraded. The conservation function can be indicated from the condition of watershed vegetation cover, water quality, ability to store water (discharge) and rainfall. Second, the middle watershed is based on the function of river water utilization which is managed to be able to provide benefits for social and economic interests, which can be indicated among others from water quantity, water quality, ability to channel water, and ground water level, as…

  • coastal management,  River Transportation,  Sea Transportation,  Uncategorized,  Watershed and coastal conservation,  Watershed and coastal irrigation,  Watershed Management

    Swedian Coastal Management

    Based on coastal typologies in the Swedish region along with threats and problems that may arise, it is necessary to manage integrated coastal areas. Sweden in managing coastal areas applies the following strategies 1. Strategies at the central level Although the management of coastal areas, in this case relating to disaster mitigation is the authority of the municipal government and landowners, the Swedish central government outlines guidelines, legal instruments through the Nature and Conservation Act, and conducts national vulnerability studies. In 2007, a study entitled “Sweden faces climate change: Threats and opportunities” began. The special commission called the Commission for Climate and Vulnerability is responsible for researching how Sweden’s climate…

  • coastal management,  Uncategorized

    Coastal System In Transition

    At the 2016 EC-Council Security Analyst (ECSA) conference in Bremen, several notes were produced. The first is the coastal situation from natural conditions which are then anthropogenically modified shows that humans play an increasingly important role for the development of coastal and estuary science. Second, humans who influence global climate and environmental changes dramatically change the structure and function of coastal systems to systems with new conditions. Third, changes in the potential of ecosystem resources and services will significantly affect people’s lives. Then came a statement that was raised to be a special issue, ”We are the only ones who can change, through effective governance to encourage change to others to reduce pressure on coastal ecosystems.” From this statement, we must…

  • coastal management,  Uncategorized,  Water tourism,  Watershed and coastal conservation

    Coastal Management Based On Eco-Tourism

    Coastal management can be done in several ways either in a constructive vegetative or bureaucratic way. Good coastal management can bring benefits to the surrounding community. It is recognized that it is not easy to build community awareness to jointly manage a coastal area that it becomes an area of economic value which still prioritizes the sustainability and sustainability of natural resources on the coast. One example of management that has proven to bring economic benefits to the community is the management of the Pemuteran marine tourism area in Buleleng Bali Indonesia. Interestingly this management can work well thanks to the awareness of the community that cannot be separated from the role of local…

  • Uncategorized,  Water ballance,  Watere management policy,  Watershed and coastal conservation,  Watershed and coastal irrigation,  Watershed Management

    Watershed Ecosistem Management

    There are 3 ecosystem components in the watershed, namely abiotic, biotic, and culture. All three work together to form a unity which is the basis of whether the management of the watershed is running well or not. Each ecosystem has different problems so that management is also different. ABIOTIC Watershed problems in terms of abiotic components are broad enough to only be chosen based on upstream and downstream causal impacts. Some issues that become important points are erosion-sedimentation, flooding, and water quality. These three problems become important keys in the problems in the watershed and clearly the impacts caused by a single upstream-downstream unit. Erosion and excessive sedimentation problems have…

  • Soil conservation,  Uncategorized,  Watershed and coastal conservation,  Watershed Management

    Restored Watershed

    Based on its classification, watersheds are divided into watersheds that must be restored and watersheds that need to be maintained.  A watershed that must be restored is a watershed whose carrying capacity is not running as it should so.  Land conditions, quality, quantity, water continuity, and socioeconomic conditions in the watershed that need to be restored are not going well so that the following steps are needed to restore it.  1. Optimization of land use in accordance with the functions and carrying capacity of the region:Steps that can be taken such as banning land use on sloping land for tobacco cultivation.  Tobacco is a plant that cannot stand the puddles…