• Water Irrigation

    Japan and its Intelligent Irrigation System

     After being familiar with the drip irrigation system in Israel and also the oldest irrigation system in China, this time we will tell you about an existing irrigation system in the country of Sakura. One of the best known irrigation systems in Japan is the existing irrigation system in the Niigata Prefecture. Niigata City is a famous port city overlooking the Sea of ​​Japan. Niigata is famous for its rice production. As a result, sake is also produced in this city, making many visitors come here to try this drink. Talking about rice production, of course it is closely related to the irrigation system to irrigate the rice fields in…

  • Water Conservation,  Water Irrigation

    Dujiangyan, World’s First Irrigation System

    Talking about irrigation, irrigation problems cannot be separated from agricultural cultivation. This has long been realized by humans, especially farmers. According to stories in ancient times, when agricultural land was close to abundant water sources such as springs or rivers, irrigation was carried out by channeling water to agricultural land. But it can also be done by bringing water directly to agricultural land, which people call this method watering. In the world, the first irrigation system was built around 250 M named Dujiangyan which was built by Li Bing, a Chinese hydrologist, during the Qing Dynasty. Remarkably, until now this irrigation system can still be used. Li Bing found a…

  • Water Conservation,  Water Irrigation,  Water Management

    The Influence of Watershed Based Climate Change

    Global warming is no longer a problem for the future, but has become a problem that is being faced now. Several studies have proven that extreme climatic events are inevitable. The impact of extreme climate events is expected to get worse if the environmental damage, especially the damage to forest cover in the rain catchment area in the watershed, gets bigger. In general there is a decrease in the chance of rainfall exceeding the critical limit associated with flooding especially in the central part of a city. Meanwhile, during the dry season there is an increase in rainfall which will reduce the possibility of future drought. A watershed provides natural…

  • Water Irrigation

    History of Irrigation Development in the Dutch East Indies

    Who would have thought that famine was the beginning of a development in an area? This happened in the Dutch East Indies. The construction of irrigation in the Dutch East Indies began with starvation due to crop failure in 1848 – 1849, which caused 200,000 people to die in the world, so in 1859 the first weir was built, namely the Glapan weir on the Tuntang River. This dam irrigates 12,000 ha. Then in 1885 the Department of BOW (Burgerlijkr Openbare Werker) was formed which is now known as the Public Works Department and in 1905 the Departement van Landbouw (now the Department of Agriculture) was formed. In 1914, there…

  • Water Irrigation

    Smart Solutions from the Desert

    Have you ever imagined how hot the air temperature is in a Middle Eastern country, where most of its territory is desert? With temperatures almost touching 50 degrees Celsius in the daytime, what about the agricultural problems there? Plus a very limited source of fresh water, wow how do you solve it? Sahara Forest Project, technology that uses greenhouses is a technology that has been applied to overcome this problem. In addition, rice that is toelran to salt, which is still in the development stage, has not been massively planted. Both of these technologies are considered to have not maximally solved the agricultural problem there. Until finally, Israel managed to…

  • Water Conservation,  Water Irrigation

    Subak Irrigation System, The Symbol of Mutual Cooperation

    Get to know more about the Subak irrigation system in Bali, where this irrigation system applies customs and beliefs in the system. In this system, there are four types of water sources in the form of lakes. Not only lakes, forests are also a source of water for subaks in Bali. Subak itself has a principle not to prioritize efficiency, but effectiveness, which in fact makes Subak the bumper of Balinese culture. Although the subak irrigation system consists of narrow rice fields, subak has several foundations in the form of Tri Hita Karana, or three things that cause happiness, which consists of harmony with nature, covering rice fields in accordance…

  • Water Conservation,  Water Irrigation,  Water Management

    Cultural Heritage of Subak Irrigation

    If several countries have cultural heritage in the form of magnificent buildings or interesting places to visit, Indonesia has a unique cultural heritage, namely the irrigation system. What kind of irrigation can become a cultural heritage in this country? Subak irrigation is called. Subak is a group of farmers who manage irrigation systems in a certain rice field area and are limited by rivers, ravines, and other physical boundaries which are clearly visible. Then what is the difference between the subak irrigation system and the rice field irrigation system in general? The subak irrigation system has distinguishing components in which it is very typical of Balinese local wisdom. The subak…

  • Water Conservation,  Water Irrigation,  Water Management

    Impact of Drainage on Rice Cultivation

    Water is a dominant factor in rice cultivation. Rice is a rice-producing crop, where in some countries rice is the staple food of their population. Thus, the rice cultivation process is something that really needs to be considered, especially with regard to water use. Rice has several living environments, including irrigated rice fields, rainfed rice, deep irrigated rice, upland rice, and rice with tidal rice systems. Even though rice is a plant that requires a lot of water, there are times when it fails to harvest because of excess water. Water is said to be excess if it has disturbed plant growth and or production. The effect of excess water…

  • Water Conservation,  Water Irrigation

    Irrigation Facing The Dry Season

    In a country which is one of the rice producers, namely Indonesia, there are three planting seasons in rice cultivation, namely the first planting season which starts during the first rainy season in October, then the second planting season in the transitional months of the rainy season and dry season, and the third growing season which usually starts from June to September. On the other hand, during the first planting season and part of the second planting season, Indonesia also has the potential for flooding. On the other hand, most of the other second and third planting seasons have the potential for drought. The cycle that occurs is during the…

  • Water Conservation,  Water Irrigation,  Water Management

    Rainwater Management

    What is the first word that comes when you hear the word “Rain”? Cold? Water? Wet? Flood? Disaster? Sustenance? Rain is indeed perceived by many people with different points of view. However, in general, rain is one of the hydrological processes or cycles, namely the drop in water vapor that has previously been condensed in the clouds, until it falls to the ground and then flows into the oceans and evaporates with the help of the sun into the clouds. This process occurs in a recurring cycle. The amount of rain that falls on the ground is very large, we take the example of what happened in one of the…